HVX200P Camera

The Panasonic AG-HVX200 is a fixed-lens high-definition video camera released in December 2005 (NTSC) and April 2006 (PAL). It can record HD video on solid state P2 cards or record DV video on MiniDV tapes. It also features variable frame rates (used for slow motion and fast motion cinematography) and a recording data rate of up to 100 Mbit/s, which is four times that of similarly priced HDV and DV cameras. The MSRP camera is popular with independent filmmakers.

The camera uses three 1/3 in 960×540 pixel (0.5 mega-pixel ) progressive scan CCDs to capture the image. HD resolution is achieved by both horizontal and vertical spatial offset (aka pixel shift or 'SBS-HD'). The green CCD in the array is physically shifted 1/2 pixel biaxially to achieve up to 50% higher horizontal and vertical resolution. This would make the theoretical maximum resolution of the image 1440×810 pixels, even though each CCD has only 960×540 photosites. Internally the camera uses 1920×1080. In real-world use the actual measurable resolution of this camera has been tested at 540 lines horizontally by 540 lines vertically (see http://www.adamwilt.com/HD/4cams-part2.html).

The HVX200's resolution is recorded at 960×720 for 720p mode, and 1280×1080 for 1080i mode in 60 Hz territories; in 50 Hz (PAL) regions it is recorded at 1440×1080. The sensors employ variable scanning rates from 2 Hz to 60 Hz (NTSC version) or 50 Hz (PAL version) and are always capturing progressive images. The images are always scanned from the chips at a resolution of 1920×1080. Those images are then downsampled to a size appropriate for the recording format ( For DVCPRO that means 720×480 NTSC or 720×576 PAL; for DVCPRO HD it means 960×720 for 720p or 1280×1080 for US/NTSC 1080i/p, or 1440×1080 for EU/PAL 1080i/p ).

Now for Stop Motion Animation use only!